Wood is the building material for a very long time. From the early age of human civilization, wood is used to build home and furniture. Wooden furniture is a great choice for house decor all the time. To design and build custom furniture in a hand tool only wood shop, you need the tool with better options. As the tool is used by hand, it has to be easy to use. Today, we’ll discuss the most important hand planes in the wood shop. A bench plane is always the first choice and a low-angle block plane as a close second. These two-tools alone can cover most of the hand planing procedures in a hand only workshop. Block planes are handy and they are small. Small size makes it possible for them ideal for one-handed use. The cutting irons are also unique with a bevel-up configuration and blades are bedded around 12° degree to make it easier to make the contact with the surface. This low-angle blade bedding combined with a standard cutting iron results in a perfect cutting angle. The small sized block plane is ideal for precision work. This combination makes it perfect for an “end grain planning”. There is nothing you can’t do with the block plane such as shooting board, smoothing on small cabinet components to chamfer edges of the table and general wood shaping work. The block plane is the suitable workhorse in the wood shop that can reach the hardest points of your project. The block plane is the most used hand-tool of a workshop. The perfect use of the block plane will change the result and outlook of the furniture. So you should know how to use a block plane. We can help you on this topic.
How To Use A Block Plane.
To use a block plane you should have a sharp, evenly honed and sharped blade. Like any cutting tool with a blade, if the blade isn't sharp, the tool won't operate neatly. It won't be safe to operate to smooth the surface.
The easiest way to sharpen a block plane iron is on a sharpening stone. Dry sharpening stone will make it difficult to use it. You can lubricate the stone with some drops of oil. After you lubricate the sharpening stone enough, hold the level of the iron flat against the stone and then raising the heel slightly. Now hone the edge evenly until a burr is formed. Then turn the iron over and rub the other side flat against the stone to remove the burr.
## Adjust the block plane:-
The cutting depth of your block plane blade can be adjusted by loosening the cap screw which holds the plate assembly in place. After you adjust your cap screw, turn the depth of adjustment screw on the frog.
Once you reach the appropriate depth by looking to see how far the edge of the iron extends beneath the base of the plane. Now adjust the angle of the iron against the base so that it is square and tighten the cap screw. You should set the depth of cut for quick, general-purpose cutting or for fine touch-up work. Adjusting your blade is the first important task that should do even before you can start your work.
## Hold the plane:-
Most workers thought a block plane can be held in one hand. With the palm over the rear end of the cap iron and the forefinger on the front section of the plane, you can easily hold a block plane in one hand. However, sometimes you may want to keep your dominant hand on the rear and off hand on the front of the plane.
To use block plane, push the plane forward across the edge of the wood, keeping the base of the plane consistent along the path. While you are using a block plane there is a risk of arching the surface. To prevent it from happening, begin the cut by placing a little more pressure on the heel of the plane, and end the cut with a little more pressure on the nose. This will help keep the cut flat along the entire path of the plane.
## Finishing the end:-
Block planes are great for cutting and finishing end grain. However, it is straightforward to tear out the back edge of the grain at the end of the cut, as the blade would tend to catch and tear as it approaches the end of its motion. There are two ways to combat this problem. The first round would be to plane from the edge of the board toward the center. Then turn the board around and use the same motion in the opposite direction. In this manner, you never approach the far edge of the end grain and avoid this potential problem. The other idea is to clamp a sacrificial board onto the opposite edge. It will prevent any tearing occur in the end.
What Can You Do Wth A Hand Planner?
- 1You use a hand planner to give your surface a smooth look.
- 2A hand planner can be used to finish up the sideburns.
- 3You use it to make a curve or finish it up.
Things shouldn’t do with a block plane:-
- 1Don’t use the block plane with a surface with metal rivets on.
- 2Never put your hands too close to the edge.
- 3Always adjust the block plane before start using.
- 4Always sharp the blade before every use.
- 5Please wear hand gloves and safety glass while using a block plane.
In this article, we tried to focus on the basic function of a block plane. We make it simple so that you can easily follow the steps. We always take the liberty to shed light on some safety measures you should look into. Block plane is a professional instrument and it has a sharp blade. Please be careful with a block plane. Read the user manual and stay safe! Keep it smooth and neat.Along with the block plane, a few more woodworking tools may come to your assistance. You can get them all at woodworkersolution.com